Barbari Goat Info, Kidding, Milk/Meat Production
The barbaric Goat originates from Uttar Pradesh, India. Their major population lies in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana in India and The Sindh and Punjab provinces in Pakistan. They seem to have acquired a name from the city of Berbera in Somalia. The barbari goats are reared for both meat and milk. They are a small breed of goats where the bucks reach 40 kg and the does reach around 25 kg. in comparison to many other goats, the barbaric is relatively small in size. Their coats are white with red spots. Both buck and doe sport a thick beard.
Feed and Fodder for Barbari goats
The barbari goats are not picky eaters but they eat quite a lot. They eat almost anything from legume crops like berseem or cowpea, chickpea or corn, oats in grains and even tree leaves. They can feed on root vegetable left overs like turnips, potatoes, carrots beetroots and radishes. for good growth, the barbari goat is left to graze the whole day and fed concentrates or pellets in the evening when they are through with grazing. This method is known to be more effective in increasing the weight of the barbari goat significantly faster.
A mix of Dry fodder with green fodder is found to help increase weight gain. A balanced diet is to be maintained for the goats and they are known to lose weight during summer. A protein-rich diet will help them retain weight and keep them healthy.
a Goat will consume anywhere between 4-5 KG of fodder per day. Incorporate at least 25% dry fodder and 75% green fodder in its food. Apart from this, add concentrates in the form of pellets at the end of the day. Always provide fresh water for the goats, especially in the evenings. Water should be accessible to the goats throughout the day even when they are grazing.
Traditionally, the Barbari goats were cared for by villagers and small farmers. most farmers did not even have a separate enclosure for the animals and they almost lived with the goats or vice versa. A routine of grazing the goats from 8 Am to 5 pm as usual. Water was provided throughout the day. The villages where these goats were common were near Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh borders. There was minimal rainfall and the summers were harsh. Winters were cold but tolerable. These goats were known to be comfortable in harsh summer conditions but monsoons would result in health issues like foot and mouth disease if not cared for and kept clean.
Facts about Barbari Goat
- Seasonal Breeders
- Used for intensive farming
- The yield of 107 Litres milk in 150 days
- Single Born kids were heavier in weight than twins or multiple kids.
- The age of first kidding is 2 years.
- The kidding interval is every year with a service period of 70 days
- 99% of the time kids were either singles or twins. only rarely did they give birth to triplets
- Kid mortality is higher in summers though the annual mortality is low
- Well adapted to Indian conditions
Price and profitability in a barbari goat farm
The average price in UP is 450 Rs per Kg. A 20kg adult would cost 7500 -8000 rs, depending on its weight and if you purchased it in UP. But the same goat would be sold for 9000 rs in Delhi and around 8500 in Madhya Pradesh. Transportation costs add up to the price. In general, there is a lot of demand for barbari goats as it’s a fast-growing variety and quick multiplier.
For breeding purposes, purchase a goat which is around 20 KG. A single ram is enough to mate around 40 doe. Limit the number of Rams but ensure that the rams are the best in quality. purchase more does as it’s the best way to start a farm more quickly. To prevent inbreeding, ensure that the rams are purchased from a different state or at least a different vendor. Inbreeding is known to produce unhealthy kids even though the ram may be of the best quality.