Jasmine cultivation – Profits per acre, Caveats and more

Areas of Production

Tamil Nadu is the largest Produce of flowers, cut or loose. From Roses to JAsmine and a wide range of flowers, Tamil Nadu produces nearly 50% of all flower production in India. Regarding jasmine cultivation, Tamil Nadu is one of the highest producers and one of the largest consumers of flowers. Fresh flowers are used in garlands, Wedding decorations, and a lot more. Apart from these, the Extraction of Jasmine concrete for perfume is also gaining speed.  In Madurai alone, over 500 farmers are indulged in jasmine cultivation. Most farmers are small with a land holding of not more than 2 acres. The venture is profitable for these farmers as labor is from the family and no external labor is required most of the time, reducing the cost of cultivation. 

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The highest producers of Jasmine are small farmers with less than 2 acres of land

Due to high manpower requirements especially during harvest its not feasible for large farmers

Soil Conditions and Land preparation For cultivation of Jasmine

Weeding , Training, and Pruning

Propagation

Harvesting

Yield per acre  By year

Yield varies depending on the variety of jasmine.

While the yield may be attractive there is a catch to the entire process. Jasmine cultivation is not a one-year or 2-year crop. It’s a 15-year crop. The expenses for the first year and sometimes the second year to are high in terms of maintenance, with little to no revenue during these 2 initial years.  Profit only starts coming in the third year. The establishment cost is high and most farmers are not willing to go without revenue for 2 years. Also because jasmine farming is labor-intensive, especially during the harvest period, Not many farmers are willing to cultivate jasmine when they can find an alternative.

Off-season production by inducing flowering from October to February is possible with a few changes to patterns in manuring and fertilizing of the plants apart from pruning.

reference: http://www.kvk-kumari.org/ss-jasmine.html

Profit and Yield per acre of Jasmine Farming

Reference: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Establishment-and-input-costs-in-jasmine-cultivation_tbl2_275637636

Total Yield Second year: 1600 kg 

Total Yield Third Year: 2600 kg

Total Yield Fourth Year: 2600 KG (goes up to 3600 KG)

Price influence : 

Reference: https://www.thebetterindia.com/260357/terrace-gardening-tips-grow-jasmine-flower-mangaluru-woman-entrepreneur-lockdown/

https://www.ijitee.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v8i12S/L112810812S19.pdf
https://www.business-standard.com/article/specials/the-money-plant-114061901095_1.html
https://agritech.tnau.ac.in/horticulture/horti_flower%20crops_malligai.html
https://krishijagran.com/success-story/from-being-a-complete-novice-to-earning-rs-85000-by-growing-jasmine-during-lockdown-kirana-s-story/