Brinjal (Baigan / Vange / Ringan) Cultivation and farming in india

Among all the crops which are widely cultivated in India, the brinjal is one of the few crops which is consumer specific. What I mean is that the variety of brinjal grown in one state or even one district may not be preferred in another area. Farmers often make the mistake of cultivating a newer variety of brinjal for the market at a large scale to find that it’s impossible to sell their products unless they bring down the product price to below what is profitable.

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When it comes to brinjal, there are hundreds of varieties. from the indigenous varieties to the hybrids and lately, the BT variety which is banned in India. Each variety is visibly different from the other so a person with some knowledge can determine the variety of brinjal they are looking at. as such there are at least 10-15 varieties of indigenous varieties which are all different. Some are green and long while there are others which are green striped, green round purple round, purple oval, purple long, etc. The hybrid varieties are an extension of the indigenous varieties with almost the same features but with a high yield or better size.

Brinjals are easy crops to cultivate and are usually one of the few horticulture crops which is [referred to by farmers. nevertheless, brinjals require a lot of attention in terms of pest and disease management, nutrition and irrigation. Fortunately, with the right variety, the profits in farming brinjal are high. Being a vegetable which is consumed regularly in India, the eggplant or aubergine or brinjal is one of the few vegetables on the grocery lists of most homes at least once a fortnight.

With that in perspective, let’s look at the international market. China is the largest producer of brinjals in the world. India stands second in brinjal production with a 23% market share worldwide. 7 Lakh hectares cultivate brinjal every year in India producing 12200000 metric tonnes of brinjal. That’s 1 crore 22 Lakh metric tonnes of brinjal a year. The productivity per acre remains at 17428 kg per hectare which is 17 and a half tonnes of produce per hectare.

Very few crops have the potential for that kind of yield. producing 17 tonnes of food from one hectare is usually an astonishing feat. that would be 7 tonnes of food per acre. in comparison, paddy is usually 2-3 tonnes per acre and wheat and wheat average about the same quantity.